Google+ Japanese Talk Online: Cooking Japanese II - Practice With Recipes

Wednesday, 15 January 2014

Cooking Japanese II - Practice With Recipes

"I want to be able to read Japanese cook books and online recipes!"

Ever wanted to be able to cook Japanese food? Ever wanted to be able to read Japanese cook books? I certainly have. I love cooking Japanese food. You can find so many recipes online but some of the best are from native chefs. It's difficult when you're not in Japan with access to the ingredients, but there are ways to replace the ingredients and places in stores and online you can get hold of them.


Japanese Recipes
The following recipes are some of my favourite. They have been transcribed and translated into Japanese from recipes by Cooking With Dog* (who is a Japanese woman on youtube that makes Japanese food with her poodle). The recipes are in pdf format with the recipe in Japanese with furigana (katakana over kanji) and an English translation bellow with useful words highlighted to help with studying. Recipes you normally find online or in Japanese books will only be in kanji without furigana, so it helps to begin recognising kanji and their readings in the context of recipes. But if you're just beginning it's more important to learn the words before the kanji otherwise you'll recognise a kanji and won't be able to read it.


(*One thing about these recipes is that they use inches and not cm. The original recipe asked for inches but in Japan cm and other metric terms are used and not imperial measurements.)

Katsudon カツ丼 - Fried pork cutlets cooked in a Japanese soy sauce mixed with onions over a bed of steamed rice. There is a tradition the students eat katsudon before taking an entrance exam because かつ means "to win". This is a similar tradition to eating KitKat before an exam, which when pronounced in Japanese sounds like きっとかつ "defiantly win". Download pdf here


Katsudon



Okonomiyaki お好み焼き - Sometimes described as a savoury Japanese pancake (although it's really not), Okonomiyaki is a flour based sauce mixed with egg and cabbage and cooked with all kinds of ingredients, but normally bacon and octopus. Okonomiyaki literally means “grilled as you like it” (notice how お好み has the kanji for 好き/すき) so feel free choose your favourite ingredients to replace the octopus or shrimp this recipe uses. Japanese okonomiyaki restaurants will add cheese and squid, and will even add a fried egg ontop. The recipe also uses Japanese mountain potato (やまいも) to add to the texture but that is entirely optional. Download pdf here


Okonomiyaki


Sukiyaki すき焼き - This is a Japanese hot pot that is very simple to make. The key is the sauce that is made up from soy sauce and other Japanese ingredients to give it it's unique taste. This recipe uses very Japanese ingredients to cook in the hot pot (like shungiku which is edible chrysanthemum) but you can probably replace them with similar ingredients (like bok choy). In Japan you eat sukiyaki directly from the pan on a low heat and it is often dipped in raw beaten egg. Download pdf here

Sukiyaki


I've listed some of the more common sentences in these recipes:

___のつくりか 
___の作り方 - How to make___



Cutting Up
たまねぎを1インチにスライスします - Slice the onion into 1 inch pieces

みじんぎり(に)します
みじん切り(に)します - Cut up into fine pieces

あつぎりします
厚切りします - Cut up into thick pieces

ななめにきります
斜めに切ります - Cut up at an angle





With Hands
うらがえします 
裏返します - Turn/flip over

しょりをくりかえします 

処理を繰り返します - Repeat the process

かためんにしおと、こしょうをふります 

片面に塩と、こしょうをふります - Sprinkle salt and pepper onto one side


よぶんなこむぎをとりのぞきます 
余分な小麦粉を取り除きます - Remove any excess flour

てでかたちをととのえます 
手で形を整えます - Shape with your hands

パセリをそえます 

パセリを添えます - Garnish with parsley




Mixing
あわだてきでよくかきまぜます  
泡だて器でよくかき混ぜます - Beat well with a whisk

はしでかるくまぜます 
はしで軽くかき混ぜます - Stir lightly with chopsticks (notice stir and beat are the same word.)

たまごをふわりにあわだてます 
卵をふわりに泡立てます - Whisk the egg lightly ("to whisk" is the word "whisk" (あわだてき) in verb form, just like English!)



On The Heat
バーナーをよねつします 
バーナーを余熱します - Pre-heat the burner (hob)

なべにいれます 
に入れます - Put in the pan

3ぷんににたてます 
3分に煮立てます - Boil/simmer for 3 minutes (boil and simmer are the same, so make sure it specifies a heat strength or temperature. But 沸かします/わかします also means "to boil")

アルコールをとばすようにつよびでふっとうさせます 
アルコールを飛ばすように強火で沸騰させます - Boil on a high heat to remove the alcohol (literally "so the alcohol flies away")



Other
かつおふうみだしのもとをみずでとかします
かつお風味だしの素を水で溶かします - Dissolve the bonita flakes into water. (This normally makes dashi stock which is used in a lot of Japanese recipes)


もちもちとしたしょっかんになります
もちもちとした食感になります - Become a gooey texture (In Japanese there is a different word for the texture for something in your mouth (しょっかん) and the texture of something on your skin.)



Are there any recipes you'd like to try out? Or practice Japanese with?
Are there any other terms I could add to list?
Feel free to leave comments, questions and requests in the comments.

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